What to do when frostbite?
Frostbite is a dangerous damage to the surface of the skin. In some cases, people lose even their limbs. Therefore, if you get frostbite, you must immediately take action.
When does frostbite occur? When the cold for a long time affects the area of the skin, the vessels narrow. As a result, the skin area is not supplied with the right amount of blood. Frostbite manifests itself in the form of pale skin. Late first aid can lead to the death of the skin.
In medical practice, it is customary to distinguish four types of frostbite:
- The skin turns pale and red.
- Bubble formation.
- Loss of sensitivity of the skin, that is, the loss of any sensitivity to external stimuli.
- And necrosis frostbitten areas of the body. Dying off of skin tissue.
In line with this, there are recommendations designed specifically for first aid to the victim of frostbite. So:
What to do when frostbite:
The main purpose of first aid is to restore blood circulation in the tissues. If frostbite of the first type, then warming of the skin will help.This can be done with a light massage of the affected skin. Hands should be clean. Another way is a bath with room temperature water. Sometimes they give advice to rub the damaged areas of the skin with snow, but it is important not to overdo it. If you overdo it, it can hurt your skin even more.
If frostbite of the highest degree, then you need to put the victim in a warm room. The air temperature in the room should not be too high. Affected skin areas are moistened in warm water. Water should be from 20 to 25 degrees heat. After washing, the gauze is moistened in water and gradually heated to the wound. During the entire procedure, the victim must move the limbs. After the blood circulation has been restored, it is necessary to cover the wound with clean gauze and bandage it. The victim should be offered warm non-alcoholic beverages. After all the procedures performed, you need to take the victim to the hospital.
What should be done when frostbite of the whole human body? In this case, we are dealing with hypothermia. How does this happen? At the time of hypothermia, you can observe such reactions: a person complains of fatigue, drowsiness,lethargy; a person loses strength and moves less; body temperature drops and eventually the person loses consciousness.
What to do? The person must be placed in a poorly heated room. Prepare a bath with room temperature water. It is necessary to wash the victim. The temperature of the water should change from cold to more and more hot. After bathing, you must immediately proceed to the revitalization of human consciousness. In this case, you need a light massage and rubbing the limbs. After the victim regains consciousness, it is necessary to make him drink hot tea or black coffee. Take the victim to a hospital where he will receive expert help.
In no case do not leave the situation frostbite without attention. The effects of even small damage to the skin or cooling of the body can lead to alarming symptoms. If you encounter such a situation, it is better to immediately consult a doctor. In the hospital, you will receive expert help, thus you will protect your health or the health of the person who needs it. Never neglect the advice and recommendations of doctors, because they care about you first and foremost.