What about the goddess artemis?
What about the goddess artemis?
- goddess of hunting
- , yes, ckfds
- The twin sister of Apollo Artemis (A rtemiz) is unknown, the variants are possible: the "bear goddess", "lady", "murderer" - was the goddess of hunting, mountains and forests, the daughter of Zeus and Leto. Born on the island of Astrea (Delos)
About its veneration by the Greeks already in the II millennium BC. e. the name "Artemis" is shown on one of the Knossos clay tablets and the data on the Minasian goddess Artemis of Ephesus, describing her as the mistress of nature, the mistress of beasts and the leader of the Amazons. In the Olympic religion of Homer, she is a hunter and goddess of death, who has preserved her adherence to the Trojans from her Asiatic predecessor and the function of the patroness of women in childbirth. Artemis spends time in the forests and mountains, hunting surrounded by nymphs - her companions and also hunters. She is armed with a bow, walks in short clothes, she is accompanied by a dog pack and a beloved doe. Tired of hunting, she rushes to her brother Apollo in Delphi and leads round dances with nymphs and muses. In the dance she is more beautiful than anyone else and above all by a whole head. You can continue, what is the interest? ))
- Artemis in Greek mythology is the virgin, always a young goddess of hunting, the goddess of fertility, the goddess of female chastity, the patroness of all life on earth, giving happiness in marriage and assisting in childbirth, later the goddess of the Moon (his brother Apollo was the personification of the Sun). In Homer - the image of maiden slenderness.
The possible etymologies of the name are a bear goddess, a murderer, or a mistress.
The daughter of Zeus and the goddess Summer, the twin sister of Apollo, the granddaughter of the titans Kay and Phoebe. Was born on the island of Delos.
In the Trojan War, together with Apollo fought on the side of the Trojans.
The henchmen were 60 Oceanide and 20 Amnisian nymphs. Has received as a gift from Pan 12 dogs. According to Kallimahu, hunting hares, rejoices in the sight of hare's blood.
Classical Artemis - a virgin and a champion of chastity. Before the wedding, she was offered a ransom sacrifice. Sacrificial animals are wild boar, deer, goat and goat. Artemis Tavricheskoy brought human victims. The destructive functions of Artemis are related to the e archaic past - the mistress of beasts in Crete. The oldest Artemis is not only a hunter, but also a bear. In Bravron (Attica) priestesses of Artemis Bravronia in a ritual dance wore bear skins and were called bears. The sanctuaries of Artemis Limnatis (marsh) were often found near springs and marshes, symbolizing the fertility of the vegetable deity.
The cult of Artemis was widespread everywhere, but the temple in Ephesus in Asia Minor was especially famous, where the image of Artemis was revered as a multi-breasted one. Ephesus Temple, where there was a famous multi-breasted statue of the goddess-patroness of procreation, was one of the seven wonders of the world. It was him in 356 BC. e. burned, desiring to become famous, Herostratus. Artemis of Ephesus was the patroness of the Amazons.
She dedicated the IX and XXVII hymns of Homer, the third hymn of Callimachus, the XXXVI Orphic hymn. The person in charge of the tragedies of Euripides Ippolit, Iphigenia in Aulis.
She was portrayed with a golden bow and quiver behind her shoulders, with a spear in her hands, sometimes with a crescent on her head (the symbol of the moon goddess). Traditionally, the goddess, symbolizing chastity, was dressed in a short tunic. Later, in the 16th-19th centuries, images of a naked goddess began to appear, which at that time led to real scandals (for example, Diana the hunter, created in 1790 Jean-Antoine Houdon).
- Artemis is the twin sister of Apollo, the sun god. Of the two of them, she was born first. Their mother, Leto, the deity of nature, the daughter of two titans, and the father supreme god Olympus Zeus. Much impeded the birth of twins. Everyone was afraid of the vengeful anger of Hera, the legitimate wife of Zeus, and the presence of Leto was undesirable wherever she appeared. Finally she found refuge on the desert island of Delos and there she gave birth to Artemis and Apollo.