The reasons for the adoption of Christianity
It is considered that the beginning of the process of circulationRussia belongs to Christianity towards the end of the 10th century. As traditionally described, in 988 (although some sources say about 990 and 991 years) there was an event named in the "Tale of Bygone Years" by the Baptism of Rus. The reasons for the adoption of Christianity should be sought in the personal characteristics and political views of Vladimir the Great.
Vladimir after the death of his father received Novgorodprincipality. His brother Yaropolk became prince of Kiev. The third brother - Oleg Svyatoslavovich became prince of the Drevlyans (there was no information on how his capital city was called). Between the brothers broke out civil strife, the winner of which was Vladimir (the other two were killed). Thus, by 980 he was the sole ruler of all Kievan Rus.
Causes of Christianity in Russia can be associated withthe prince's desire to unite all the outskirts of his state by the only religion. In the pagan Russia various cities worshiped different gods. To increase the loyalty of other cities in relation to the capital, the prince conducted the first religious reform, which he tried to consolidate his pantheon. The pantheon of Vladimir consisted of all the gods of Kievan Rus, while Perun (patron of Kiev) was declared the supreme god. The idea did not receive the expected support from the subjects, and the prince began to think about monotheism as a single state religion.
The legend says about what he collected from himselfrepresentatives of various faiths, so that they told him about their creeds. Thus, Jews, Muslims, as well as representatives of the western and eastern branches of Christianity were called (the division into Orthodoxy and Catholicism did not yet take place, but the split was already outlined). Then the legend says that it was chosen by Orthodoxy. In particular, Islam was denied after the prince learned that religion forbids drinking wine. At the same time, Vladimir is credited with the words "... the joy of Rus is a drink, without the drinking of Rus not being."
The Baptism of Vladimir
However, it is more likely that the reasons forChristianity as a single religion of Russia were dictated by political considerations, and not by the gastronomic preferences of Rusich. In 987, Vladimir helped Byzantium to overcome the rebellious forces of Varda Foki. After suppressing the rebellion, Vladimir demanded, as a reward, the hands of the Byzantine princess Anna. Considering that the prince already had many wives and hundreds of concubines all over Russia, this offer was humiliating for the brothers of Anna - the emperors Constantine and Basil. After the refusal, Vladimir stormed Korsun. The rulers of Byzantium revised their decision regarding the refusal to marry their sister. At the same time they put forward their demand - Vladimir must accept Christianity. The prince accepted this counter offer, was baptized and married to Anna.
Therefore, the causes of Christianity in Russia, ratherall, are connected with the nature of diplomatic relations between Kiev and Constantinople. After the adoption of a new religion, Vladimir began actively introducing a new religion among his subjects. What will be called Providence of the Lords through the ages was accompanied not only by the forcible baptism of certain cities, whose population did not want to believe in the new god, but also by repression of persons who did not agree with conversion to Christianity. Ironically, a few centuries after Byzantium became the source of Orthodoxy in Russia, Byzantium itself was conquered by the Ottomans, and Islam (now modern) predominates there.