Sightseeings of the village of Khokhlovka (Perm region)
They say that the village of Khokhlovka (Perm region) every year attracts more and more visitors from all over the world.
What is the reason for such popularity? Is a humble settlement really in fact an object of such close attention? Should I go there on my next vacation?
It turns out that all three of the above questions can be answered without any doubts.
This article not only tells aboutan amazing place called Khokhlovka (Perm region), whose sights can really surprise even the most experienced tourist. The reader will also receive practical advice on how to get to this settlement, what to pay special attention to, and which sites to visit first.
Section 1. General description
The village of Khokhlovka (Perm region, by the way, hasa fairly large area) - a small settlement that could live the usual rural life in these parts, if not for one "but". In its vicinity, an amazing museum of wooden architecture was built. This object is located in the open air, and today it is considered to be one of the main sights of the Urals.
Geographically on the map this place can be found in 43km from Perm, on the banks of the Kama River, not far from the village of the same name. The museum was created in the late 60s of the last century, but the opening took place only in 1980. On the territory of the complex is a unique exposition of 23 monuments of wooden architecture of the XVII-XX centuries.
In the village of Khokhlovka (Perm region) many samplesbrought from other regions, and almost all of them represent the best creations of Russian wooden architecture. In most of them there are interiors and exhibition complexes. The museum covers more than 35 hectares and is divided into several sectors: North, North-Western and Southern Prikamye. It should be noted that each of them has its own architectural features.
Section 2. How to get there
From the regional center to the village of Khokhlovka (Permthe edge, we will note, is famous for good transport communication) bus number 340 is running from the bus station. Flights are made every day with an interval of about 4-5 hours. During this time, tourists can get acquainted with the expositions of the wooden town. The journey takes about an hour and a half. At the same time, almost half way the route lies in the city, following the Kamskaya HPP. The museum can also be reached by car. Distance from Perm is 45 km.
Section 3. The construction of the museum
So, what to advise to see those who decidedto go to the village of Khokhlovka? Perm Krai, as a whole, the whole of Russia, unfortunately, can not boast of an abundance of such places, therefore tourists, as they say, fling at the first visit.
Great interest is represented by churches andIndustrial facilities intended for the extraction of salt. The construction of wooden churches was carried out in the traditions of folk Russian architecture. The composition of the salt-mining complex includes: a pickle-raising tower, a cesspool, a varnish, a long barn and a huge casket weighing about a hundred tons. All these facilities were brought here from the Ust-Borovsk plant of Solikamsk.
In the North Kama region,A unique ensemble of wooden buildings with samples of residential architecture. And in the Southern Prikamie you can see Bogoroditskaya church, brought from the village. Tokhtarevo, Suksunsky district, which is a monument of Russian architecture of the XVII century. Here is the bell tower of the Trinity Church, delivered to the museum from. Cheese.
Section 4. History of creation
The idea of creating a museum complex under the openthe sky belonged to the famous architect A. S. Terekhin. It was this man who chose the place on which the museum is located (Khokhlovka). Perm Territory, thanks to a special climate, is suitable for this kind of facilities. There are no prolonged downpours and especially severe frosts, which means that the tree will be preserved in almost ideal conditions and will not require additional repairs for a long time.
The decision to open was taken in April 1969of the year. All the works were carried out by Perm specialized scientific and restoration workshops. The opening of the architectural and ethnographic museum took place in September 1980.
Section 5. One of the main objects of the village of Khokhlovka (Perm region): a complex of salt
The history of Prikamye is closely connected with salt production. The first harvest of salt began in the early XV century. Solikamsk, Pyskor, Dedyukhin and Usolye became major trade centers.
An architectural ensemble dedicated to thisis located in a museum on the banks of the Kama River. All industrial facilities were brought from the factory of the city of Solikamsk. The founder of the saltworks was the industrialist AV Ryazantsev, who established the plant in 1882. However, the old saltworks closed in 1972.
To date, visitors to the complex canget acquainted with the technology of obtaining salt. To pump this brine from the ground, a well was drilled. This usually took up to 5 years. After that, a pine pipe was placed in the borehole, along which salt brine was lifted by the tubs. Pumps appeared only in the XVII century.
Section 6. Churches: Transfiguration and the Theotokos
"Orthodox monuments of the village of Khokhlovka. Perm Region "- a photo with this name is found, perhaps, for every second tourist who has already visited the area. What is so unusual about this?
Consider two main objects.
The Church of the Transfiguration of 1707 is differentcomplexity of design. Brought her in 1985 from with. Yanidor of the Cherdynsky district. The structure is 2,3 m high and consists of three parts, stretched in one line. The monument has an unusual completion of the central part: on the winged roof there is a baptized barrel with a head. Domes and barrels are covered with aspen shingles. This example of Russian architecture of those times was preserved only here. From the east and west the temple has two prirubs - an altar and a refectory. In the XIX century, the building was used to store furs.
The inner part of the temple consists of a portal leading from the gallery to the refectory. Inside there are carved doorposts and altar floors. The ceilings are built of massive plaques, near the walls there are benches.
Church of Our Lady of the end of the XVII century wasbrought in the early 80-ies of the XX century from. Tokhtarevo of the Suksu district. By the type of construction the church refers to the cage temples. The two-storey building consists of an altar, a refectory and a porch. A barrel with a dome covers the altar. The domes of the central part and the altar, as well as the barrel are covered with a ploughshare. In the past, the temple was part of a complex, which included a church and a bell tower.
The basement of the temple with a height of 3 m was used to store grain, church gifts, etc. The interior of the church has a modest appearance - benches and a platform for worship.
Section 7. Bell Tower and Watchtower
The bell tower of 1781 belongs to the tent typeconstructions. This is the only monument of this kind, preserved in the Perm region. In the museum it was delivered in the 70s from the village of Syrah in the Suksu district. Here it was restored. The belfry of the bell tower has an octagonal shape, on which there is a belfry with nine pillars. A tall tent with carved poles completes the drum with a head covered with a ploughshare.
The watchtower, built in the XVII century,brought from from. Trade of the Suksu district. It was the first museum object that appeared on the territory of Khokhlovka. Previously, the structure stood near the Siberian road on the river Sylva and was part of the Torgovishchensky Island, surrounded by a moat and a palisade with towers. During the fire in 1899, the building burnt down, and was restored by the peasants in 1905.
Chetverik tower is cut from the kondovoy wood. On the gable roof there is an octagon and a tent previously covered with logs of coniferous species. The top of the watchtower was crowned with a carved double-headed eagle made of wood.
Section 8. Hunting stanovishche (1996)
Hunting stanovishche was specially designed to enter the museum.
Hunting was one of the sources of existencenorthern peoples. Buildings of this kind were divided into several types: for storage ("chamya") and for housing ("puffy"). Labaz installed on the trunk. To protect against rodents, the lower part of the trunk was cut. Inside the log house there is a stove-heater, poles for hides and clothes, wall hooks and pokes.
Section 9. Windmill and Firefighting
The mill, built by a prosperous peasant K. Rakhmanov in the XIX century, was brought from the village Shikhari Ocher district in 1977. At the heart of the construction lies an octahedral frame, reminiscent of the northern cult buildings of the hipped type. The mill's roof rotates in the direction of the wind thanks to a special lever.
Fire station, built in the village. Skobelevka in the 30 years of the last century, appeared in the museum in 1977. To the rectangular structure with a ledge there are adjoining rooms. The sentinel tower is located on pillars resting on the walls of the beams.
Under the tent of the tower there is a bell. Inside there are sledges and carts with hand pumps, as well as gigs with barrels for water.
Section 10. Similar properties of Russia
According to experienced travelers,The only Russian landmark of such a plan is Khokhlovka. Perm Territory weekend holidays can organize great, but those interested in this direction actually have to still travel around the country.
You should also visit other similar museum objects with architectural and ethnographic expositions. Perhaps the most popular are the following:
- The city of Tchaikovsky. Museum complex "Saigatka" under the Tchaikovsky Museum of Local History.
- Chusovo ethnographic reserve, located near the town of Chusovo. Here, those who wish can touch all the museum exhibits.
- Many architectural monuments are located in Usolye (the Transfiguration Cathedral, the Stroganoff Chamber, etc.).