Profile Education in Modern Schools
Creation of schools where pupils pass the profiletraining, is an adequate response to the wishes of the students themselves, who according to the results of the polls expressed the opinion that the model of a simple general education school has exhausted itself and does not allow them to fully orient themselves professionally. The state in principle agrees with these statements. This is evident from the fact that the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation announced the gradual transformation of most "simple" schools into specialized educational institutions.
At its core, profile training is not one and the samethe same as production or professional - they differ in their goals. The main goal pursued by specialized training is a kind of preparation for the further education of the student in the university in the chosen profession. To do this, the school curriculum introduces an in-depth study of core subjects, that is, those that are primarily needed for further education, subjects. This does not mean that the rest of the subjects will not be taught at all. Just profile training in school means allocating more hours of study to the selected subjects. At the same time, as in the case of ordinary education, specialized schooling provides for the issuance of a certificate with final grades not only in subjects with in-depth study, but also in other general education disciplines. The increased number of hours can be not only in the composition of the main lessons, but also in the form of an elective, that is, additional classes.
The very concept of profile training is introducedusually from the upper grades and includes the right of self-selection by high school students of the option of training in any priority direction. The Ministry of Education and Science in the Russian Federation has developed and approved 4 main options for which profile training can be conducted. These are profiles with a mathematical, socio-economic, technological and humanitarian bias. And each separate profile implies the study of an in-depth study of not just one object, but several. In the mathematical bias, it is mathematics and physics, and in the humanities it is literature combined with Russian and foreign languages, and so on. But these developments are purely advisory in nature, and the administration of each particular school is given the right to introduce its own profile. Therefore, the list of various profiles for today has already significantly expanded. For example, according to the data of the same Ministry of Education, the formation of agrarian, medical and pedagogical profiles, as well as many others, was noted.
Profile training can have several typesteaching in classrooms. It can be profile classes using specially designed curricula or classes with in-depth study of core subjects, but the most promising from the point of further admission of a student to a university are special classes that operate according to the school-university scheme. It is to the latter model, as the most promising for further vocational guidance in the context of the stringent demands of the modern labor market, and most schools are keen. But for the formation of such classes, there is a need for close interaction between the school institution and the supervising university, the teachers of which conduct elective courses for senior pupils in the form of additional preparatory courses. Not all schools, especially those located in rural areas, have the opportunity to establish such close cooperation with higher education institutions. Therefore here for students, as a rule, profile training is taught in the classroom with a deeper study of subjects.
In general, profile education is undoubtedly verya useful form of obtaining knowledge, allowing the younger generation to decide as soon as possible with the choice of profession and to actively prepare for its receipt.