Mycoplasma genitalium (Mycoplasma genitalium, for example) are microscopic microorganisms and belong to the simplest. Their plasma membrane contains antigens that are similar to human ones.
It is necessary to note an important feature of mycoplasmas. They have the ability to persist (long stay) on the cell membrane of the macroorganism, can also be introduced into the internal structure of epithelial cells. Inside the cells, their localization (accumulation) and reproduction takes place.
When identifying the causes that provokeddisease, and the study of the course of pathologies of the urogenital tract, the role of mycoplasmas is considered very doubtful. This is due to a fairly wide prevalence of urogenital microorganisms (Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum) and their frequent detection in practically healthy people. It is necessary to note the contradictoriness of many researchers in this regard.
According to some experts, mycoplasmaaffect the development of prostatitis, urethritis, pyelonephritis, postpartum endometritis, fetal pathology and pregnancy and other diseases. Other researchers believe that these microorganisms are constantly present in the urogenital tract and are conditionally pathogenic (conditionally pathogenic, capable of provoking infectious and inflammatory processes under certain conditions).
To date, pathogenicity(pathogenicity) of the species Mycoplasma genitalium is not established reliably. However, according to some studies, the infection provoked by this pathogen was often present in men who consulted a doctor with signs of non-gonococcal urethritis, in a quarter of cases, Mycoplasma genitalium was detected with the manifestation of non-chlamydial urethritis (inflammation of the urethra-urethra). The incidence of mycoplasma in patients without manifestations of inflammation is about 7%.
Mycoplasma genitalium. Symptoms
As practice shows, most casesMycoplasmosis occurs with mild manifestations, and in some cases - completely without symptoms. Symptoms of the disease are not considered specific and, as a rule, depend on the localization of microorganisms.
In men mycoplasmosis is accompanied by rapidurination, pain, discomfort during emptying, and in some cases at rest. Characteristic and discharge from the urethra.
Women in the background of mycoplasmosis complain of pain anddiscomfort in the inner and outer genital area, unpleasant sensations in the process of sexual contact, vaginal discharge. In rare cases, tenderness may appear in the lower abdomen.
As a rule, the colonization of mycoplasma in men is noted on the foreskin and urethra. In women, the microorganism is localized in the vagina, in rare cases on the cervix and urethra.
Mycoplasma genitalium. Treatment
In the presence of an inflammatory process, against the backgroundwhich revealed mycoplasma in an amount that proves its involvement in the development of pathology, therapeutic measures are prescribed. As a rule, the treatment of mycoplasmosis includes the use of antibacterial, immunostimulating, anti-inflammatory drugs. In addition, the necessary therapeutic measures are taken, which are aimed at eliminating the factors that contributed to the onset of the pathological process. Diagnosis and treatment of mycoplasmosis should be completed by all sexual partners. Antibiotics used in therapy are the preparations "Azithromycin", "Ofloksin" and others. It should be noted that self-treatment is extremely unsafe, due to the development of severe consequences. When symptoms of mycoplasmosis manifest, it is necessary to consult a qualified specialist.