Is the allergy treated? Methods of prevention
In our material, I wanted to talk about such aphenomenon, as an allergy. What are its manifestations? Is the allergy treated? What is the symptomatology of the pathology? What preventive measures are used to prevent allergic reactions? All this will be discussed later in the article.
The allergy is a specific reaction of the humanthe body to the effect of certain substances. Often, therapy with a pathological phenomenon reduces to limiting the contact with a particular stimulus. Is the allergy treated? Preventive maintenance is of paramount importance here, which contributes to recovery.
Allergy acts as an individual ailment. Some people suffer from negative reactions of the body to animal hair, others do not perceive certain foods. Such processes often make themselves felt in the development of other diseases, such as bronchial asthma, dermatitis, urticaria. In some cases, an allergy occurs against the background of infectious ailments.
In recent years, researchers have explained the phenomenonseveral theories. The popular opinion is that the allergy may disappear in the case of careful compliance with hygiene rules, limiting contact with pathogenic substances, which lead to a weakening of immunity. Provoke the development of the pathological condition is also capable of the regular appearance on the market of new products of chemical enterprises. In particular, many components of household products can most negatively affect the functioning of the endocrine system. Is the allergy treated? We will learn more about this later.
To this day, researchers have not been able to find out,why identical environmental factors have different effects on individuals. However, some doctors believe that allergic reactions are more often manifested in people who suffer from clogging of body tissues with all kinds of slag. In this regard, it is recommended to resort to periodic cleaning of the body. It is difficult to say whether the allergy is treated in this way.
It is believed that the risk group also includes individuals,subject to parasitic invasions. There is no doubt about the development of the problem against the backdrop of changes in the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. In other words, the allergy can manifest not only in people who suffer from helminths, but also in the layers of the population who are being treated for dysbiosis. With such pathological conditions, intestinal tissues are damaged. Bleeding on the body begin to carry undigested elements of food. Some of them can lead to the manifestation of allergic reactions.
In order to identify allergens, doctors resort to the following diagnostic measures:
- Skin test - the test is given if availablesuspected allergies. The essence of the procedure is the effect on the body of a small amount of a certain stimulus. Thus, diagnostician reveals exactly which factors cause acute reactions of the organism.
- The blood test for IgE is to determinethe number of specific antibodies in the body fluid. The study is performed in situations where, for certain reasons, it is not possible to resort to a skin test.
- Application test - in this case, the skinthe patient is exposed to allergens, which are contained in a mixture of paraffin or petrolatum. A person is obliged not to wash off the compound for several days. Then the physician visually inspects the patient's body and determines which irritants gave the wrong reaction.
Is a food allergy treated? Negative reactions of the body to substances that are contained in food can develop not only with eating, but also contact with it and a sense of smell. Pathology can develop in several forms - pronounced and latent. Regular excessive contact with the allergen can lead to the course of the disease in a chronic form.
A hidden variety of food allergy is divided into the following groups:
- Year-round - makes itself felt every day in the form of manifestations of mild symptoms.
- Jump-like - periodic, non-systemic reactions to food allergens.
- Temperature - occurs when immunity is weakened by exposure to supercooling of the body.
- Concomitant - negative reactions are manifested not only in the absorption of potentially dangerous foods, but also in the inhalation of their aroma.
As for the pronounced form of food allergy,it is characterized by a sharp reaction of the body to the stimulus immediately after the absorption of a certain meal. Often, people who suffer from pathology must completely abandon eggs, some vegetables, berries and fruits, fish products, peanuts, chocolate, honey.
Is food allergy treated in children and adults? Therapy here involves the use of an integrated approach. Treatment is aimed at suppressing the main symptoms. The most important condition is the observance of a certain diet. If the food allergy develops in a pronounced form, such pharmacological agents as "Tavegil" and "Suprastin" are prescribed. With the latent form prescribed antihistamines: "Kestin", "Telfast", "Cetirasine", "Loratadin".
Allergy to cats
Wrong reaction from the body inThis case causes a specific protein, which is contained in the products of animal secretion. The substance spreads through the air along with the saliva of the pet, dead skin particles, concentrating on the wool. Allergen can be located not only in the surrounding space, but also on interior items. Therefore, a person's stay in the room, where the cat is or has been, sometimes becomes simply unbearable.
Whether the allergy on cats is treated? Not a single drug can produce a 100% result. It can only be a relief of the main symptoms of such an allergy. There are a number of pharmacological agents, the reception of which makes it possible to significantly improve the quality of life of a sick person:
- Antihistamines - block the body's reaction to the allergen, relieve inflammation of the tissues.
- Moisturizing eye drops - remove the redness of the eyes.
- Ointments from skin irritations - relieve the rash.
- Sorbents - contribute to the rapid removal of allergens from the body.
Allergy to the sun
Some people may show inadequateskin reaction to sunlight. The result is the appearance on the body of all kinds of roughness, inflammation, foci of redness, which itch and cause other discomfort. In rare cases, the epidermis begins to flake, until the formation of a solid chancre and the occurrence of minor bleeding.
Is it allergic to the sun? A good effect is given by ointments that contain corticosteroids. However, they can only be used for a short time. Otherwise, there is often an addiction to such drugs, which is fraught with the development of skin atrophy.
If we talk about effective non-hormonal drugs against allergies to the sun, here it is worth highlighting:
- "Fenistil gel";
Allergies to dogs
As in the case of cats, the negative manifestationshere arise as a result of incorrect reactions of the body to substances that are contained in the particles of the dead skin of dogs, their saliva and feces. Consequently, the problem lies not only in interacting with animal hair.
Is it allergic to dogs? In such reactions, doctors can prescribe:
- Antihistamines (Benadryl, Claritin, Allegra, Astelin, Tsirtok);
- Means against the formation of edema ("Sudafed", "Allgra-D");
- Steroid medicines ("Flonaz", "Nazonex").
Allergy to dust
With this phenomenon, the body reacts acutely tosubstances that are contained in the structure of microscopic particles of mud that is hovering in space. Is the allergy to dust treated? In this case, the drug "Polysorb" is used. Its active substances absorb allergens and are quickly removed from the body. Unlike other sorbents, such a medicine fights against the root cause of a negative reaction.
Consequences for health
Many people consider allergic reactionsabsolutely safe for life phenomenon. In reality, this statement is not entirely true. The development of allergies is often accompanied by a chronic feeling of fatigue, increased emotional irritability, weakening of the protective functions of the body. And this is only a few consequences of the pathological phenomenon. The allergy can provoke relapses of such dangerous illnesses, as a bronchial asthma, an eczema, a hemolytic anemia.
One of the most serious consequences of an incorrectthe body's reaction to irritants is a violation of the functions of the respiratory organs. Sometimes it ends with anaphylactic shock, the development of convulsions, fainting, a critical drop in blood pressure. The most inoffensive symptoms in this case are the urge to frequent sneezing, a feeling of airway obstruction.
So we found out if the allergy is treated in children andadults. As you can see, it is almost impossible to completely get rid of the problem. The determining factor in the fight against pathological manifestations of this nature is the avoidance of contact with allergens, the timely reception of suitable drugs for the specific case, as well as the prevention of the disease.