How did the opera appear?
Opera is a sublime and beautiful art, understood, unfortunately, not by everyone. Where and when did the opera appear? As a dramatic-theatrical genre, opera first appeared in Italy, and this is not at all surprising, because the Italians have always been famous for their voices of amazing power and beauty. Opera was born in the Renaissance - a time when all the arts flourished.
Giovanni Bardi and his love of art
Giovanni Bardi - an Italian composer, writer and patron of the arts - adored all forms of art and often gathered creative people and thinkers in his home - musicians, poets, philosophers ... as "salon room".
One of the main themes of the camera was music, while the so-called polyphonic jumble was in fashion, when more than 20 voices could sound at the same time, and it was simply not possible to make out what was being played. Most of the representatives of the Bardi salon expressed dissatisfaction with this style.The polyphonic conglomeration, they believed, destroys poetry.
"The Divine Comedy"
Not wanting to sit back, reveling in displeasure, Bardi and his like-minded people created "talking music." One of the members of the chamberta, Vincenzo Galilei, put the passage of the Divine Comedy to music, and its performance was the first step towards the birth of the opera as we know it.
First Opera House
After the Divine Comedy, the camerata decided to create a full-fledged drama set to music. "Eurydice" from Jacopo Peri was the first such drama, which received incredible success. This success was enough for the genre to spread. In 1607, the first version of the famous opera "Orpheus" by Claudio Monteverdi appeared, and 30 years later, in 1637, the first opera house was opened in Venice.
The spread of the genre
In the 17th century, the opera successfully conquered European countries, and in Russia this genre became popular in the 19th century. Many great composers spent a considerable part of their genius on the creation of operas, among them Gluck, Mozart, Wagner, Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Glinka and many others.