Former Minister of Justice of the Russian Federation Kovalev Valentin: biography, career
Kovalyov Valentin is a stateAdviser to Justice of Russia, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Vice-President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, Academician of the International Slavic Academy.
Childhood and youth
Kovalev Valentin Alexeyevich was bornthe tenth of January 1944 in Dnepropetrovsk. His father's name was Kovalev Alexei, mother - Kovaleva Polina. They all life were simple workers, and the son from a youth attracted jurisprudence.
Valentin Kovalev graduated from law faculty of Moscow State University in 1973. In 1975 he graduated from the postgraduate course, a year later defended the candidate's, and in 1986, and his doctoral dissertation. Also at his side is the Harvard Graduate School of Public Administration.
He began to work at the metallurgical plant at the age of fourteen. Served in the army and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, has the rank of colonel of internal service.
From 1976 to 1986 he was engaged in scientific work andteaching activities at the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Soviet Union. From 1986 to 1991 he held the position of professor at the Higher Law School. From 1991 to 1993 he was a professor at the Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. In 1992 he was appointed general manager of the Legal Center for International and National Security. Was in this position until 1993. He was in the party until August 1991.
First steps in politics
On December 12, 1993, he was electeddeputy to the State Duma for the federal district on the list of the Communist Party (the fourteenth issue). Was in the Communist Party faction. On February 17, 1994, Valentin Kovalyov became one of four deputies of the State Duma chairman.
In December 1994 becomes the head of the staff of the State Duma on the situation that was associated with armed conflicts in Chechnya. He was also a member of the Observation Commission for the negotiation process with the Chechen Republic. At the end of the same month he was appointed chairman of the commission on human rights in this republic. His deputy was S. Kovalev (a namesake), who was at that time in Chechnya.
The latter always insisted on the necessitypresence of regular troops on the territory of this republic. He stated that the commission had no facts about the violation of the rights of Chechen citizens by Russian servicemen. He repeatedly drew public attention to the violation of the rights of the Russian population of Chechnya. Valentine had several other views on the situation and insisted on the withdrawal of troops.
On January 5, 1995, Kovalev was appointedMinister of Justice of the Russian Federation. Prime Minister was then V. Chernomyrdin. On January 10, 1995, he was expelled from the Communist Party faction, motivating it to be included in the "anti-popular government". On August 14 next year, Kovalev Valentin was again appointed Minister of Justice. On December 26, 1996, by the decree of B. Yeltsin, he was confirmed as a member of the Interdepartmental Commission of the Russian Federation for the Affairs of the Council of Europe.
In March 1997 becomes a member of the commission on the problems of the Chechen Republic. On the twenty-third of July of the same year he was removed from the composition of this commission. In the political career, this event did not affect, and he retained the post of Minister of Justice in the reorganized government.
Scandal and resignation
On April 16, 1997, Valentin Kovalev,whose biography is inextricably linked with politics, became a member of the Commission on Interaction of State and Executive Authorities of the Subjects of Russia in the Conduct of Legal Reorganization.
In June of the same year, the newspaper "Top Secret"published an article by L. Kislinskaya under the title "A Minister is Naked." There were presented footage of videotape recorded in the sauna, which was controlled by the Solntsevo criminal group. Kovalev's meetings with girls of easy virtue were reflected on the shots. The journalist claimed that a videotape with compromising evidence was found in the banker A. Angeliewicz during the search. The latter was an economic adviser to Kovalev.
After the article was published,Chernomyrdin recalled Valentine Alekseevich from a trip abroad. On June 21, 1997, Kovalev Valentin, whose photo is presented in this article, sent a petition to the president about his temporary resignation from the duties of the minister. On June 25, Boris Yeltsin granted his request. On July 2, Kovalev was relieved of his duties, and on July 20 he ceased to be a member of the Security Council.
Continuation of career
In 1999, Kovalev was appointed chiefSpecialist of the Guild of Lawyers of the Russian Federation. In February of the same year, he organized the Civic Solidarity Society. It included the party of Kovalev himself, the RPSD (A. Yakovlev) and about fifty unions and organizations. According to Valentine, the goal of "Civil Solidarity" was presidential and parliamentary elections.
On 3 February 1999, the former Minister of JusticeValentin Kovalev was arrested. He was accused of embezzling budget funds. It turned out that he was the first millionaire official in the country, although he never engaged in business. After a while, Kovalev's ally, the president of "Montazhsbank" A. Angelevich was arrested. He was accused of financial transactions and money laundering with Kovalev.
The investigation found that the former minister boughta large estate in the elite village of Sukhanovo (Moscow suburbs). Its price is about six hundred thousand dollars. On Kovalev's accounts, two hundred and fifty-five thousand dollars were found in one bank and one hundred and sixty in another. The funds were not declared. In addition, in the spring of 1998, Valentina's apartment was searched and a pistol with cartridges (unregistered) was seized. Later it turned out that the gun was a reward - it was presented by General Starovoitov (director of FAPSI).
Fourth of February ninety-ninth yearKovalev decided to go on a hunger strike, demanding a transfer from Butyrskaya prison to Lefortovo. However, he was transferred to Matrosskaya Tishina. In January of the following year, to acquaint the accused with forty volumes of the criminal case, he was prolonged the term of being in custody.
The former minister said that he was subjected to frequent beatings, physical and moral abuse. On April 3, 2000, he was released on a recognizance not to leave the Lefortovo prison.
In August of the same year, the prosecutor's office preparedthe indictment, and the Kovalev case was taken to court. In October 2000, the politician sent to the Prosecutor General of the country Ustinov materials relating to the activities of certain officials. And in February 2001 Kovalev filed a lawsuit protecting honor and dignity, which was satisfied. On February 27, the court dismissed the motion to send Kovalev's case for additional investigation.
Thirteenth of September 2001. hearings began in the Moscow City Court. The prosecutor demanded to condemn the policy for nine years. The court found facts of plunder of public funds in the amount of one billion twenty nine million rubles. On October 3, 2001, the court sentenced Valentin to nine years probation with the confiscation of a plot of land and an apartment. He was also deprived of the rank of justice adviser and the opportunity to hold positions in the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs for three years.
After the trial
On November 28, 2001, KovalevValentin at the press conference announced his intention to appeal to the public and demand a return to the "scandal of the bath", which served as an excuse for him to leave the position of Minister of Justice. According to him, the investigative committee of the Ministry of Internal Affairs made a decision to send video materials with "bathing adventures" to the prosecutor's office in order to initiate a criminal case on violation of Valentine's rights.
He stressed that the decision was reinforcedexpertise, proving that there are signs of editing in the video cassette. The prosecutor's office hid these materials, Kovalyov Valentin is sure. The politician accused the Deputy Prosecutor of the Russian Federation V. Kolmogorov of this.