Administrative division of Italy: features, a brief description of the main regions
Italy - one of the leading European powers onpresent day. The state of the whole European Union largely depends on its economic condition and political stability. This country, resembling in its form on the map of boots, is characterized by a high standard of living and the presence of many interesting historical sights. This article will detail the administrative division of Italy and some of its features.
Italian land by law is divided into twentyareas. The basis for this distinction is the Constitution of the country, adopted on December 11, 1947 (art. 116). In each of the regions there is a parliament - the junta, which has the right to decide issues related to local government. Also, the country's regions are divided into provinces (the exception is the area called Valle d'Aosta). In turn, the administrative-territorial division of Italy provides for the division of provinces into communes, which are extremely diverse in their size and population. In particular, the biggest commune is Rome, the smallest by area - Fiera di Primiero, and by the number of people living - Pedezina.
Areas of the country
The administrative division of Italy provides for the presence of the following areas:
In addition to this list, the administrative divisionItaly, the photo of which is given below, provides for the presence of five more autonomous regions, where ethnic minorities permanently reside, having their own languages, approved at the legislative level, and traditions. Among these areas are:
- Friuli-Venezia Giulia (the main languages here are Venetian, Slovenian, German and Friulian).
- Sardinia (Sardinian speech).
- Sicily (Sicilian speech).
- Trentino-Alto Adige (Ladino and German are recognized as recognized laws).
- Valle d'Aosta (the main language is French).
The Museum Center
Modern administrative territorialThe division of Italy was fully approved only after the Second World War. Therefore, the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region received its current geographical borders during this period. The capital of the region is the city of Trieste - a settlement with a rich history and a beautiful artistic and cultural heritage. The city liked such great writers as Italo Zvevo, James Joyce and others.
Sea and Sardinia
This is the title of an English booka writer named David Herbert Lawrence, who spent a lot of time traveling to Italy. In his opinion, Sardinia is a place that lives as if outside of time and history. Of course, in reality this is not so, but the stunning nature, the purest sea waters, the hospitality of the local population and the refinement of the kitchen - all this does not leave anyone indifferent.
Slice of Greece
Studying the administrative division of Italy, one can notforget about Sicily. In this region there was a place for the most beautiful cities of Greek origin (Sarakuzam, Selinunte and others), which are ranked among the Hellenistic world. In general, Sicily is, in fact, a book that is open to all, and allows you to read the history of the arts of the largest civilizations of our planet.
The best place for active rest
Trentino-Alto Adige is an area wherea single whole snow-capped mountain peaks, calm lakes, virgin nature. Separately it is worth noting the beauty of the Dolomites and the ski resorts of Madonna di Campiglio or di Castorizzza. The region is very developed agriculture, chemical, food and metallurgical industry. The very same region fell into the current administrative division of Italy only in 1919 on the basis of the Saint Germain Peace Treaty. Today the region is a recognized center of alpine skiing and mountaineering.
The smallest administrative unit
Valle d'Aosta is a region located innorthwestern part of the country. His autonomous status was in 1945. Historically, the region was the territory of the Celts, later conquered by the Romans. In the region is the highest mountain peak of Western Europe called Mont Blanc and a great variety of monuments that are worthy of attention of any guest of the country.
Administrative division of Italy (tourism forwhich is not the only source of income), separately identified a region called Emilia-Romagna. In this area are concentrated the main automotive giants of the whole country - Lamborghini, Ferrari, Ducati Motor Holding and Maserati. However, here there was a place not only for machine building. For example, in the province of Bologna, three main bonuses ideally match for any holidaymaker: entertainment, the sea, the sun. Also, many universities are located here, and therefore the number of students who come here not only from Italy, but also from around the world, is just off scale.
Under the protection of the state
The Abruzzo region is peculiaras a third of its total area is protected by the law on environmental protection. In Europe, there is no other area that could boast exactly the same high rate. Abruzzo - the edge of parks and reserves.